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History of Felt – Part 2

Even Noah has been implicated in these myths of origin, after stating that he noticed in the stalls of the ark, that wool, fur and fleece dropped by many animals combined with the urine and trampling of the animals to leave a thick matted material.  I think I prefer our methods using soap and water!

The oldest felted cap found at an archaeological dig is that of a Pazyryk warrior found in Kurgan 1 of the complex Olon Kurin Gol 10 in the region Bajan Ul’gijskij Ajmak, in the extreme North West of Mongolia close to Russia and Kazakhstan.  The amount of felt found in his burial chamber is indicative of the importance that felt played in this Scythian period civilization.  He was dressed in white felt boots decorated with red bands and a high felt cap with complicated animal designs, had a black felted bag, red and yellow felted quiver covering and was laid and covered by rich felt blankets.  These particular finds are dated around 4th Century BCE but the civilization extended from 700BCE – 600AD.  Combined with the images derived from burial goods, we can say with fair certainty that these people had a rich culture and understanding of felt from around 700BCE.

During that period of history several cultures are attributed with felted fashions.  The Sarmatians, Dacians and Illyrians also wore felted caps, with the Dacian and Illyrian caps being more like a fezze.

The Persians and Medes have a similar affinity for the felt cap.  Their traditional dress included a felt cap with some more elaborate caps resembling a chaperon of 14th-15thCentury France.

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